Memory and Learning of Sequential Patterns by Nonmonotone Neural Networks

Masahiko Morita

Abstract: Conventional neural network models for temporal association generally do not work well in the absence of synchronizing neurons. This is because their dynamical properties are fundamentally not suitable for storing sequential patterns, no matter what storage or learning algorithm is used. The present article describes a nonmonotone neural network (NNN) model in which sequential patterns are stored by being embedded in a trajectory attractor of the dynamical system, and recalled stably and smoothly without synchronization; recall is done in such a way that the network state successively moves along the trajectory. A simple and natural learning algorithm for the NNN is also presented, where one only has to vary the input pattern gradually and modify the synaptic weights according to a kind of covariance rule; then the network state follows slightly behind the input pattern, and its trajectory grows to be an attractor with a small number of repetitions.

Keywords: Sequential pattern memory, Temporal association, Nonmonotone neural networks, Nonmonotone dynamics, Trajectory attractors, Spatiotemporal pattern learning, Covariance rule.
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